jeudi 13 août 2015

Le président d'un des plus grands groupes d'opposition au nucléaire iranien, Gary Samore, démissionne et revoit ses positions

Head of Group Opposing Iran Accord Quits Post, Saying He Backs Deal
WASHINGTON — When the bipartisan advocacy group United Against Nuclear Iran decided last week to mobilize opposition against the nuclear deal with Tehran, Gary Samore knew he could no longer serve as its president.
The reason: After long study, Mr. Samore, a former nuclear adviser toPresident Obama, had concluded that the accord was in the United States’ interest.
“I think President Obama’s strategy succeeded,” said Mr. Samore, who left his post on Monday. “He has created economic leverage and traded it away for Iranian nuclear concessions.”
As soon as Mr. Samore left, the group announced a new standard-bearer with a decidedly different message: Joseph I. Lieberman, the former senator from Connecticut and the new chairman of the group.
“It’s a bad deal,” said Mr. Lieberman, who believes that lawmakers have a chance to block the accord even if that means overcoming a presidential veto. “If the Iranians are pressured more, I think we can get a better agreement.”
To get that message across, the group has announced a multimillion-dollar television and digital media campaign.
Yet it is Mr. Samore’s quiet departure as president of the organization that is resonating among the small community of experts who have pored over the agreement.
Mr. Samore helped establish the organization in 2008, well before serious nuclear talks were underway. The aim was to strengthen the international economic sanctions againstIran, which Mr. Samore was convinced had been mounting a clandestine effort to develop nuclear weapons.
Mr. Samore, who traveled to Iran in 2005, is well known to the Iranians. At a dinner that Mr. Samore attended during a meeting of the United Nations General Assembly in 2013, Mohammad Javad Zarif, Iran’s foreign minister, repeated assurances that Iran’s nuclear efforts were entirely peaceful.
“We are all united against a nuclear Iran,” he quipped, as he cast a glance at Mr. Samore.
Mr. Samore, who now runs the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard, initially said that the chances of a successful negotiation were dim. But after the framework of an accord was announced in Lausanne, Switzerland, in April, he praised it as a good first step.
Mark D. Wallace, the chief executive of the group and a diplomat in the George W. Bush administration, said that the organization’s members had sought to keep an open mind. But after the final terms became clear, “The opposition was nearly unanimous,” he said.
With that move, it was clear that Mr. Samore needed to move on.
“We had an honest discussion that I wouldn’t be able to continue to serve as president if UANI was going to come out against the agreement, since I support it,” Mr. Samore said.
“Nonetheless, I support the work that UANI has done in the past to strengthen sanctions, and I think they will have a role to play in the future to maintain nonnuclear sanctions if the deal goes forward,” he said. (He will continue to serve on the group’s advisory board.)
Though he backs the accord as the most that can be achieved diplomatically, Mr. Samore is skeptical that the agreement will open a new chapter in American-Iranian relations.
“The best you can achieve with diplomacy is delay in the hope that at some point a new Iranian government emerges that is not committed to developing nuclear weapons,” he said.
And if that leadership does not materialize, Mr. Samore acknowledges that Iran might vastly expand its nuclear enrichment program after core elements of the agreement expire in 15 years.
He is also not convinced that Iran will continue to adhere to the accord once economic sanctions are lifted. Even so, he argues, the accord will put the United States in a stronger position to respond than a congressional rejection would.

“We will have bought a couple of years, and if Iran cheats or reneges we will be in an even better position to double down on sanctions or, if necessary, use military force,” Mr. Samore said. “If I knew for certain that in five years they would cheat or renege, I’d still take the deal.”

lundi 10 août 2015

Une grande universitaire israélienne, Renata Reisfeld, accepte une invitation académique à Téhéran

Although hostility between Israel and Iran over the US-Iranian nuclear control agreement has never been worse, an Israeli academic has recently received a warm invitation from Tehran.

Prof. Renata Reisfeld, a chemistry expert from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, was invited to become a member of the editorial board of the Tehran-based International Journal of Environment, Energy and Waste.

Reisfeld happily accepted the offer last week.

Reisfeld, the Enrique Berman Professor of Solar Energy at the Hebrew University’s Institute of Chemistry, told The Jerusalem Post that Maryam Pazoki, assistant professor at the Faculty of Environment at the University of Tehran, sent her the official invitation.

“The Iran Solid Waste Association (ISWA) is eager to promote academic, practical and simultaneous interdisciplinary research regarding technical, social, and cultural aspects of environment, energy, and waste,” Pazoki wrote to the Israeli chemist.

“It has decided to set up a peer-reviewed, open-access International Journal of Environment, Energy and Waste available both in printed and electronic versions,” she said, adding, “I would like to invite you to join our elite group of managing editors and editorial board. It is my honor to have your name and support for participating in selection of editors occasionally. I am sure that with your support, we can make our ambitious goal a reality.”

samedi 8 août 2015

La République islamique d'Iran donne un visa à un journal juif New Yorkais

L'identité de la République islamique entame une lente métamorphose.
Les accords ont signé le glas d'une promesse de guerre.

Iran: Jewish Newspaper Was Granted Visa in Rare Move

The newspaper said on Thursday that the visa had taken two years to secure and was issued on July 20. It appeared to be part of an effort by Iran to influence American Jewish opinion on the Iranian nuclear agreement reached on July 14, which will relax sanctions on the country in exchange for verifiable guarantees that its nuclear work remains peaceful.
Iran granted an unusual short-term reporting visa last month to the Jewish Daily Forward, one of the most widely read and respected newspapers among American Jews.
The Iranian Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance, which accredits foreign journalists in the country, confirmed on Tuesday that it had issued the visa to The Forward, which began life in New York nearly a century ago as a Yiddish-language daily serving immigrant Jews.

Although the ministry said the visa was valid for 30 days, the newspaper said that the visa was valid for seven days and that the reporter who used it, whom the newspaper did not identify, had returned to the United States.
The newspaper has often been critical of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel, who strongly opposes the nuclear accord and considers Iran to be a top security threat to Israel.
While the newspaper has not taken a stand on the accord, it has editorially advocated a robust debate before a congressional vote next month.
“The proposed deal with Iran is of huge importance to American Jews, and we sent a reporter to Iran so that we could provide our readers with an in-depth, objective look at what real Iranians think of the proposed deal, the United States and Israel,” Jane Eisner, the newspaper’s editor in chief, said in a statement on Thursday.
“It has taken two years of negotiations with the Iranian government to win this opportunity, and we look forward to presenting this objective reporting on our website and in our paper next week,” Ms. Eisner said.
Correction: August 7, 2015 
An earlier version of this article referred incorrectly to the visa’s issue date and duration. According to The Jewish Daily Forward, it was issued on July 20 and was good for seven days, not 30 days as the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance had said. The article also referred incorrectly to the ministry’s action on Tuesday. That was when the ministry confirmed it had issued a visa, not when the visa was issued.

mardi 4 août 2015

H.A.V.A. (Amélie M. CHELLY)

Hava a un don étrange : elle s'approprie les langues étrangères avec une facilité déconcertante. Elle est parfaitement polyglotte. Bien vite, elle est engagée par le Mossad. Seul bémol pour ces services secrets : si Hava passe brillamment tous les tests d'entrée, sept ans de sa vie ont littéralement disparus. Aucun agent n'est parvenu à obtenir le moindre détail sur ces années d'errance dont Hava, elle-même, dit ne pas se souvenir. Devant le talent de la jeune et jolie femme, les agents décident de fermer les yeux sur le danger que constitue ce fameux blanc, et acceptent de croire en cette amnésie. Hava a une première mission, une séduisante couverture, et très vite, au contact de la violence qu'elle va devoir côtoyer, les réminiscences de ce qu'elle appelle "la période blanche", réémergent progressivement, pour le meilleur, et pour le pire. 

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